In Vietnam, according to Article 1 of the 2004 Law on the Protection, Care and Education of Children of Vietnam, “a child is a Vietnamese citizen under 16 years old” . Thus the age of adult criminal responsibility is built on the physical and mental development of human beings; level of development in social awareness; socio-economic conditions of each country in each period. As such, the differences in national laws also reflect a lack of consensus among the international community about the age of criminal responsibility.

The age of the criminal responsibility of some countries of the world
Mexico* 6-12
Bangladesh7
India7
Myanmar7
Nigeria7
Pakistan7
South Africa7
Sudan7
Tanzania7
Thailand7
USA** 7
Indonesia8
Kenya8
United Kingdom (Scotland)8
Ethiopia9
Iran*** 9
Nepalten
United Kingdom (UK)ten
United Kingdom (Wales)ten
Ukraineten
Korea, Rep.twelfth
Moroccotwelfth
Ugandatwelfth
Algeria13
France13
Poland13
Uzbekistan13
China14
Virtue14
Italian14
Japan14
Russia14
Vietnam14
Egypt15
Argentina16
Brazil**** 18
Colombia**** 18
Peru**** 18